Legend has it that sometime toward the end of the
                 Civil War(1861-1865)a goverment train carrying oxen  
                 traveling through the northern plains of eastern wyming
                 was caught in a snowstorn and had to be abandoned.The 
                 driver returned the next spring to see what had become 
 line          his cargo.Instead of the skeletons he had expected to find
(5)            ,he saw his oxen,living,fat,and healthy.How had they 
                         The answer lay in a resource that unknowing 
                 Americans lands trampled underfoot in their haste to 
                 cross the “Great American Desert”to reach lands that
                 sometimes proved barren.In the eastern parts of the 
                 United States,the preferred grass for forage was a 
                 cultivated plant.It grew well with enough rain,then when
(10)          cut and stored it would cure and become nourishing hay
                 for winter feed.But in the dry grazing lands of the West
                 that familiar bluejoint grass was often killed by drought.
                 To raise cattle out there seemed risky or even hopeless
                         Who could imagine a fairy-tale grass that required
                  no rain and somehow made it possible for cattle to feed
                  themselves all winter?But the surprising western wild
(15)           grasses did just that.They had wonderfully convenient 
                  features that made them superior to the cultivated 
                  eastern grasses.Variously known as buffalo grass,grama
                  grass,or mesquite grass,not only were they immune to 
                  drought;but they were actually preserved by the lack of 
                  summer and autumn rains.They were not juicy like the 
                  the cultivated eastern grasses,but had short,hard stems.
                  And they did not need to be cured in a barn,but dried 
(20)            right where they grew on the ground.When they dried 
                   in this way,they remained naturally sweet and nourising
                   through the winter.Cattle left outdoors to fend for 
                   themselves thriver on this hay.And the cattle 
                   themselves helped plant the fresh grass year after year 
                   for they trampled the natural seeds firmly into the soil 
                   to be watered by the melting snows of winter and the 
                   occasional rains of spring.The dry summer air cured 
(25)             them much as storing in a barn cured the cultivated

1.What does the passage mainly discuss?
 a.Western migration after the Civil War
 b.The climate of the western United States
 c.The raising of cattle
 d.A type of wild vegetation
Jawab:(D)A type of wild vegetation
Key word:Americans lands
Pembahasan:bacaan di atas membicarakan tentang vegetasi liar yang ada di Amerika.
2.What can be inferred by the phrase”legend has it”in line 1?
a.The story of the train may not be completely factual.
b.Most history books include the story of the train
c.The driver of the train invented the story
d.The story of the train is similar to other ones from that time 
Jawab:(A)The story of the train may not be completely factual.
Key word:legend
Pembahasan:Kalimat sebelumnya menjelaskan tentang lembu sebagai objek ,yang berlanjut dijelaskan di kalim
at berikutnya

3.The word”they”i line 5 refers to 
SOAL-SOAL TOEFLb.skeletons
Key word:he saw his oxen
Pembahasan:kalimat sebelumnya menjelaskan tentang lembu sebagai objek,yang berlanjut dijelaskan di kalimat berikutnya.
4.What can be inferred about the”Great American Desert”mentioned in line 7?
 a.It was not originallyassumed to be a fertile area.
  b.Many had settled there by the 1860’s
   c.It was a popular place to raise cattle before the Civil War
   d.It was not discovered until the late 1800’s
Jawab:(A)It was not originally assumed to be a fertile area
Key word:Desert
Pembahasan:Desert atau padang pasir tidak dianggap sebagai daerah yang subur
5.The word”barren”in line 8 is closest in meaning to
Key word:tandus
Pembahasan:barren=tandus=tidak subur=infertile,lonely=kesepian
dangerous=berbahaya,Uncomfortable=tidak nyaman
6.The word’preferred”in line 8 is closest in meaning to
Key word:disukai
7.Which of the following can be inferred about the cultivated grass mentioned in the second paragraph?
a.Cattle raised in the wetern United States refused to eat it
b.It would probably not grow in the Western United States
c.It had to be imported into the United Stated
d.It was dificul for cattle to digest
Jawab:(B)It would probably not grow in the western United States
Key word:But in the dry grazing lands of the West thatfamiliar bluejoint grass was often killed by drought.
Pembahasan:di bagian barat America yang kering,rumput yang tumbuh mati kekeringan.
8.Which of the following was not one of the names given to the Western grasses?
 a.Grama grass
 b.Bluejoint grass
 c.Buffalo grass
 d.Mesquite grass
Jawab:(B)Bluejoint grass
Key word:paragraf ketiga
Pembahasan:disebut dalam paragraf ketiga nama-nama rumput di daerah barat yaitu buffalo grass,grama grass,atau mesquite grass
9.Which of the following was not mentioned as a characteristic of western grasses?
 a.They have tough stems
 b.They are not affected by dry weather
 c.They can be grown indoors
 d.They contain little moiture
Jawab:(C)They can be grown indoors
Key word:paragraf ketiga
Pembahasan:karakteristik rumput di daerah barat adalah mereka memiliki batang yang keras,tidak terpengaruh oleh cuaca kering dan mengandung sedikit uap air.
10.The word”hard”in line 19 is closest in meaning to

Key word:keras
11.According to the passage,the cattle helped promote the growth of the wild grasses by
 a.stepping on and pressing the seeds into the ground
 b.Naturally fertilizing the soil
 c.continually moving from one grazing area to another
 d.eating only small quantities of grass
Jawab:(A)stepping on and pressing the seeds firmly into the ground
Key word:And the cattle trampled the natural seeds firmly into the soil
Pembahasan:Ternak membantu tumbuhnya rumput segar tahun demi tahun dengan menginjak injak bibit dengan kuat ke dalam tanah.

Tim Master Eduka-Bank soal dan strategi toefl