TRIK JITU MENGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL(READING 6)
North American had been transformed.”The flow of
industry has passed and left idle the loom in the attic,the
line soap kettle in the shad,”Ellen Richards wrote in 1908.
(5) The urban middle class was now able to buy a wide array
of food products and cloting- baked goods
dresses.Not only had houshold production waned,but
technological improvements were rapidly changing the rest
of domestic work.Middle-class homes had indoor running
(10) water and furnaces,run on oil,coal,or gas,that produced hot
water.Stoves were fueled by gas,and delivery services
provided ice for refrigerators.Electric power was available
for lamps,sewing machines,irons,and even vacuum
cleaners.No domestic task was unaffected.Commercial
(15) laundries,for instance,had been doing the wash for urban
families for decades;by the early 1900’s the first electric
washing machines were on the market.
One impact of the new household technology was to
(20) raw sharp dividing lines between woman of different
classes and regions.Technological advences always effected
the homes of the wealthy first,filtering downword into the
urban middle class.But woman who lived on farms were
not yet affected by houshold improvements.Throughout the
(25) nineteenth century and well into the twentieth,rural homes
lacked running water and electric power.Farm women had
to haul large quantities of water into the house from wells
or pumps for every purpose.Doing the family laundry,in
large vats heated over stoves,continued to be a full day’s
(30) work,just as canning and preserving continued to be
seasonal necessities.Heat was provided by wood or coal
stoves.In addition,rural women continued to produce most
of their families’ clothing.The urban poor,similarly,reaped
few benefits from household improvements.Urban slums
(35) such as chicago’s nineteenth ward often had no sewers,
garbage collection,or gas or electric lines;and tenements
lacked both running water and central heating.At the turn
of the century,variations in the nature of women’s domestic
work were probably more marked than at any time before.
1.What is the main topic of the passage?
a.The creation of the urban middle class
b.Domestic work at the turn of the century
c.The spread of electrical power in the United States
d.Overcrowding in American cities
Jawab:(B)Domestic work at the turn of the century
Key word:No domestic task was unaffected
Pembahasan:saat pergantian abad,terjadi perubahan pada alat-alat yang digunakan untuk pekerjaan rumah tangga
2.According to the passage,what kind of fuel was used in a stove
in a typical middle-class household?
Key word:stoves were fueled by gas
Pembahasan:kompor yang digunakan berbahan bakar gas
3.Which of the following is not mentioned as a houssehold convenience in the passage?
a.the electric fan
c.the electric light
d.the washing machine
Jawab:(A)the electric fan
Key word:refrigerators,electric washing machines,Electric power was available for lamps
Pembahasan:dari pilihan di atas,hanya kipas angin yang tidak disebutkan dalam bacaan
4.According to the passage,who were the first beneficiaries of technological advances?
b.The urban poor
c.The urban middle class
Key word:Technological advances always affected the homes of the wealthy first
Pembahasan:pada paragraf kedua disebutkan bahwa orang-orang yan diuntungkan pertama kali dari kemajuan teknologi ini adalah mereka yang kaya
5.The word”reaped”in line 34 is closest in meaning to
6.Which of the following best characterizes the passage’s organization?
a.analysis of a quotation
d.comparison and contrast
Jawab:(D)Comparison and contrast
Key word:Women of different classes and regions
Pembahasan:bacaan di atas membandingkan kehidupan yang ,kaum didapat oleh karena kemajuan teknologi di kaum menengah
kaum kaya lalu di kontraskan dengan kalimat terakhir paragraf yang membahas kaum miskin.
7.Where in the passage does the author discuss conditions in poor urban neighborhoods?
Key word:the urban poor,similarly
pembahasan:lingkungan perkotaan miskin disebutkan di awal kalimat 34-35
Tim Master Eduka-Bank soal dan strategi TOEFL