Definisi Recount Text
Recount Text adalah jenis teks yang menceritakan kejadian atau pengalaman di masa lalu. Tujuan dari Recount Text adalah untuk memberikan informasi atau menghibur pembacanya. Ada tiga jenis Recount Text yang umum diketahui, yaitu:
Factual Recount Text
Factual Recount Text digunakan untuk melaporkan suatu peristiwa yang benar-benar terjadi di masa lampau. Salah satu contoh yang sangat umum adalah rekonstruksi suatu kejadian yang anda berikan saat melaporkan suatu peristiwa pada polisi.
Personal Recount Text
Personal Recount Text digunakan untuk menceritakan pengalaman pribadi penulis. Pengalaman yang diceritakan disini adalah pengalaman yang benar-benar terjadi.
Imaginative Recount Text
Seperti hal nya Personal Recount Text, Imaginative Recount Text digunakan untuk menceritakan pengalaman di masa lalu. Hanya saja, cerita yang disajikan disini bukanlah kejadian nyata, dan hanya produk dari imajinasi sang penulis.
Generic Structure Recount Text
Seperti teks jenis lain, Recount Text juga memiliki sebuah Generic Structure. Sebuah Recount Text memiliki tiga bagian, yang dapat dijabarkan sebagai berikut:
Pada bagian ini, penulis harus memberikan gambaran umum dengan memberikan informasi 5W1H yang berkaitan dengan pertanyaan what, who, where, when, why dan how. Tujuan dari orientation ini adalah untuk memberikan informasi yang bersifat general agar pembaca dapat memahami teks secara keseluruhan.
Pada bagian kedua ini, penulis memberikan detail cerita dengan memperhatikan kronologi ceria. Kronologi ini bisa diceritakan dengan menggunakan keterangan waktu seperti in on the first day, two days later, on the last day dan lain sebagainya.
Pada bagian akhir tulisan ini, penulis harus memberikan rangkuman dari keseluruhan cerita. Selain itu, penulis juga memberikan kesan personal, remark atau komentar yang bersifat personal.
Ciri-ciri Recount Text
Ada beberapa ciri-ciri Recount Text yang membedakannya dengan teks jenis lain. Beberapa diantaranya adalah:
- Menggunakan Past Tense, karena memang menceritakan kejadian di masa lampau
- Menggunakan action Verb seperti went, did, spoke, dan lain sebagainya
- Menggunakan Prepositional Phrase dan Adverb of Time untuk menjelaskan waktu berlangsungnya kejadian
- Menggunakan Connectives dan Conjunction untuk menjelaskan urutan kejadian, seperti: and, then, after that, finally, dan lain sebagainya
Contoh Recount Text
Berikut ini beberapa contoh Recount Text:
Personal Recount Text (Making a Documentary Film)
A few years ago, I visited a historical site called Penataran Temple. The temple is located in Blitar. I went there to make a documentary movie about the national heritage, as a part of my class asignment. I went there with some of my friends, since we had to do the assignment as a group.
To go to Blitar, we took the train from Gubeng train station in Surabaya. We arrived in Blitar at 10 pm. We stayed in a local hotel. At night, we spent some time checking our equipment for making movie like camera, sound recorder and the script we have previously prepared. We went to the temple the next morning, taking a public transport. Apparently, the temple was located far away from the city.
When we arrived at the location, we started filming and interviewing some visitors. We also interviewed someone who gave us a guided tour. He was the official guide of the Penataran temple who knew a lot about the legend of this historical site. My friends and I thought that the story would be a great part of the documentary, so we decided to include it in our documentary. We finished filming at 3 pm, and went back to the hotel to start the editing process. We spent another night at the hotel and went back to Surabaya on the next day.
I really enjoyed my visit to Penataran temple. Despite the fact that we were doing an assignment, the journey felt like a holiday trip. If I were given the chance to visit the historical site again one day, I would go there with more friends.
Factual Recount Text (Reporting a Missing Property)
I recently lost my purse. I was at the Foodland Restaurant on 26, 5th Avenue. It was around 12 in the afternoon, and I had a lunch break with a colleague.
We were there for about half an hour. I put my purse on the table. I was calling out the waiter to order some more drink. A moment later, I realized that my purse was no longer there. Some restaurant staff helped me look for the purse, but we could not find it.
I do not remember seeing anyone particularly suspicious. But I saw a man who wore a baseball hat. He wore some kind of waterproof jacket, although it was a sunny day. He went into the restaurant only to walk around for a while. Although there were some available seats at the restaurant, he decided to leave and walked pass my table. When he got out, I could still see him walk in hurry.
Imaginative Recount Text (My Superhero Dream)
Last night I was dreaming of becoming a spiderman. The reason was pretty much the same as the one in the movie. It on Sunday, and I didn’t have school. I was told to arrange my closet. When I packed my shoes and put them in the closet, a spider bit my hand. I passed out for hours and when I got up, it was already dark. I finished arranging my closet and went downstairs to have a dinner. My parents told me that I looked pale. I told them that I was not feeling really well. I went to bed early to rest, and soon fell asleep.
I woke up knowing that it was already 6.30, I barely had enough time to prepare for school. I put my clothes on and grabbed my bag.
I thought I would be late so I hurried and ran as fast as I could. I was already downstairs when I remembered my pencil case was left behind. I panicked and tried to figure out the quickest way to go upstairs and take my pencil case. Suddenly, there was this crazy idea coming out of nowhere. I crawl on the wall the like a spider and used my spider web to take my pencil case. I realized that this power might be similar to Peter Parker’s in Spiderman movie.
Since then, I used my super power to help others. I designed my superhero costume, I caught criminals, I prevented massive accident by stopping a train and I fought with giant octopus who wanted to destroy the city. I realized that with great power, comes great responsibility. I was trying to find out if I could take the responsibility of being a superhero, when I suddenly heard a loud noise coming from my alarm clock.
I woke up and realized that it was just a dream. It was already 6.30 and I had to hurry for school. On my way to school, I kept thinking about my dream last night. It would be fun if I could dream a little longer as I enjoyed being a spiderman, freely swinging and flying among skyscrapers and helping other people. The best part of being a spiderman was that I wouldn’t be worried too much about missing my school bus, since I could just use my spider web and swing across the city.