LATIHAN INTEGRATED WRITING TOEFL IBT

Di tes TOEFL IBT, semua aspek kemampuan peserta akan diuji mulai dari Listening, Reading, Writing dan Speaking. Writing sendiri masih dibagi menjadi 2 part yakni Task 1 dan Task 2. Task 1 adalah tipe soal Integrated Writing dimana kemampuan Listening akan diuji dengan mendengarkan sebuah audio (yang berisi kuliah atau seminar), kemampuan reading akan diuji dalam hal pemahaman sebuah passage yang berisi materi seperti yang disampaikan di audio, dan kemampuan argumentative writing yang juga akan diuji dengan menulis sebuah uraian dari apa yang disampaikan di Reading dan di Speaking.

Hari ini kita akan mencoba latihan Task 1 TOEFL IBT, yaitu Integrated Writing. Pada tes Integrated Writing, akan ada tiga jenis skill yang diuji yakni Reading, Listening, dan Writing itu sendiri. Peserta akan diberikan sebuah bacaan lalu dipersilahkan mendengarkan sebuah kuliah/seminar dimana pembicara akan juga menjelaskan materi yang sama dengan yang ada di bacaan, namun dengan sedikit perbedaan dalam hal klaim dan pendapat. Tugas peserta adalah menemukan perbedaan (serta kesamaan) materi yang disampaikan di Reading dan juga di Speaking (materi yang diberikan pembicara di audio).

Untuk template penulisan sendiri secara garis besar dijelaskan sebagai berikut:

TEMPLATE

Paragraph One (Introduction):

  • The reading and the lecture are both about what, which is elaborate.
  • The author of the reading believes that what is stated in the passage.
  • The lecturer questions claims written in the article.
  • He/She thinks that what is stated by the speaker in the recording

Paragraph Two (Body paragraph 1)

  • First of all, the author outlines that first point made by the author in the passage
  • It is mentioned that supporting ideas for the first point
  • This point is challenged by the lecturer.
  • She/he says  counter-argument of point number 1
  • Furthermore, she/he argues supporting ideas for counter-argument of point number 1

Paragraph Three (Body paragraph 2)

  • Secondly, the author states that another point made by the author
  • The article indicates author’s statement in the article.
  • The lecturer challenges this argument.
  • She/he argues challenging argument.
  • She elaborates on this by explaining that 
  • She elaborates on this by explaining that supporting ideas for challenging argument

Paragraph Four (Body paragraph 3)

  • Finally, the author states that main idea of the author
  • The article argues that author’s statement in the passage
  • On the other hand, the lecturer believes that main idea of the lecturer
  • She puts forth the idea that speaker’s argument in the recording

Paragraph Five (Optional Conclusion)

  • It can be concluded that the lecture and the reading are both about ______________.
  • The professor effectively challenges the claims written in the article.
Untuk materi lengkap writing dapat dilihat di post sebelumnya:
MATERI TOEFL IBT INTEGRATED WRITING
Untuk part pertama Integrated Writing, baca dan pahami bacaan berikut ini:

Schizophrenia, The Split of The Mind
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder which is characterized by the failure to distinguish what is real and what is not. People with schizophrenia are also often believed to have different personality characterized by confusion, false belief, and the hearing of voices that others can’t hear, usually the voice of religious or prominent figure. People with schizophrenia also have problems with anxiety, social engagement, and ability to express their emotion. The onset of schizophrenia is usually found in the late teen period.
The factors of schizophrenia are often presented in a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factor is based on the heritability of schizophrenia itself. It means that someone whose first degree relatives have schizophrenia is prone to inherit the disorder in his/her later life. Environmental factor ranges from the living environment, the use of certain substance   (such as cannabis), and developmental factor such as malnutrition during pregnancy.
Schizophrenia is often related to neurological condition. People with schizophrenia have a subtle difference in terms of brain chemistry during the psychotic state. Therefore, medication is the only effective way for people with schizophrenia. The major medication for schizophrenia is usually called the antipsychotic, including first generation drug such as chlorpromazine (also known as thorazine), haloperidol (also known as Haldol) and trilafon along with some newer atypical antipschotics.
All these drugs have typical side effects such as spasm, weight gain, change in metabolism, dry mouth, and motion difficulties. The majority of people with this disorder may harm themselves or others. Schizophrenia also increases the inclination to commit suicide or violence. However, earlier and continuous treatment is proven to lead to better result.
For the Listening audio, please refer to this link
Audio File
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