IELTS Writing Task 1 requires you to explain various types of graph. These graphs are sometimes combined and in this case, we might need to use a writing template which is slightly different from the one I previously explained.
Here are some sample writings for IELTS Writing Task 1 (combined data). To read sample writings for each data, read our previous Writing Task 1 package. To read material on IELTS Writing Task 1, click here or here
Pie Chart and Table
The pie chart explains several major reasons why land productivity is decreasing. The table shows three regions whose land quality is degraded in the 1990s, namely North America, Europe and Oceania.
It can be seen from the pie chart that over-grazing was the main cause of soil degradation, making up 35%. Deforestation was the second highest contribution of land infertility, whose percentage is just 5% lower than over-grazing’s. The amount of land degraded by over-cultivation was lower compared to the first two reasons aforementioned, although the number was still comparatively high, accounting for 28%. Turning to the lowest contributor of all, 7% of land is degraded because of other reason.
The table indicates that Europe was a region where most of the land infertility occurs. Massive land degradation by deforestation happened in Europe, decreasing the quality of 9.8% land. North America and Oceania’s amount of land degraded by deforestation only made up 0.2% and 1.7% respectively. Europe also had serious problem with over-cultivation, since it degrades 7.7% of the total land. This number is nearly two times higher than North America’s. As for Oceania, land degradation by deforestation contributes zero percentage, being the lowest number presented in the table. However, Oceania still had to deal with problems related to over-grazing, which becomes the reason why the quality of 11.3% land was declining. Europe also had problem with over-grazing, although the amount of land degraded by this reason is only half of Oceania’s. North America’s percentage of land degradation by over-grazing is far lower than the other two regions.
It can be concluded that Europe is the region where significant amount of land was being degraded, making up a total of 23% land. Oceania and North America’s degraded land is considerably lower, making up 13% and 5% respectively.
Pie Chart and Bar Graph
The pie charts compare the number of male and female persons who got arrested in a five year period starting from 1990. The bar graph presents some reasons why people were recently arrested. Units are all measured in percentage. Overall, the data shows that there were male persons being arrested. It also indicates that drink driving and public were two main reasons why people were put in jail.
It can be clearly seen from the pie charts that there is a higher number of men getting arrested, representing more than one third of the whole population. Women, on the other hand, were less likely involved in illegal activities. The proportion of women being put in jail makes up less than 10%.
Public drinking was the most common reason why male citizens were put in jail. The number of men’s public drinking is a little higher than 30%. Female persons indicate a very interesting trend, since their number of public drinking case exceeded men’s number almost by 10%. Drink driving was the second most common reason why men were getting jailed. Around 27% of men’s arrest was due to this felony. There were fewer women getting imprisoned for the same reason, and their number is just a half of the men’s.
In the case of theft, breach of order and other reason, male proportion is a little higher than the female counterpart, accounting for less than 30%. It is also important to note that around 18% of female citizens were imprisoned for assault. Interestinglyv, the number is 2% higher than the male counterpart. Some of the respondents were not giving any detail regarding the reason of their arrest, although the number was lower than 10%.
The bar graph explains the frequency of fast food consumption in the USA, in 2003, 2006 and 2009. Units are measured in percentage. The data indicates that the frequency of fast food consumption only change slightly over year
In 2003, the proportion of people who eat in fast food restaurant everyday was just a little below 5%. The number slightly decreased to around 4% in 2006, and remained unchanged until the end of the period. In 2003, around 17% people in US consumed fast food several times a week. The number witnessed a little growth three years later, making up one fifth of the whole population. It then decreased again in 2013. The number of people who ate fast food once a week in 2003 was more than 30%. Three years later, the number slightly increased and represented around one third of the population. It then fell to around 27% in 2013.
In the first period, the number of people eating in fast food in restaurant once or twice a month accounted for 30%. It then experienced a 5% decrease in the following period. The number surged and made up an estimated 33% at the end of tje period. Around 13% of the population eats fast food a few times a year. In the second period, the number witnessed 2% increase and levelled off untill the end of the period. In 2003, there were only 5% people who never ate in fast food restaurant. In the two following period, only 4% of population never went to fast food restaurant.