IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample (Package 5)
The line graph outlines the proportion of fast food consumed by teenagers in Australia from 1975 until 2000. The consumption rate was based on how frequent the teenagers eat fast food in one year. Overall, there was an upward trend in the consumption of hamburgers and pizza. Meanwhile, fish and chips consumption fluctuated.
In 1975, Australian teenagers only ate hamburgers 15 times per year. Ten years later, the number skyrocketed and was a little above 80. From 1985 to 1995, there was a slight increase in their consumption of hamburgers. The number then leveled off until the year of 2000. The consumption of pizza indicates the same pattern. Australian teenagers used to eat pizza five times a year. A decade later, the number rose to around 25 times each year. From 1985 to 1995, the consumption of pizza dramatically increased and nearly reached 85 times each year. The number did not undergo any change until the year of 2000.
Fish and chips were Australian teenagers’ number one fast food in 1975. These types of fast food were eaten 100 times a year. In 1980, the consumption slightly decreased to around 82 times a year. In 1985, fish and chips consumption rose again and almost reached its initial position. Starting from 1985 until 2000, the number plunged and eventually reached its lower point. In 2000, fish and chips were eaten only 39 times each year.
The pie charts compare the proportion of water consumption for three different purposes in six regions of the world. Units are measured in percentage. Overall, it can be seen that a significant amount of water is spent for industrial and agricultural sector.
Western countries tend to have higher water spending for industry. North America spends nearly half of its water supply for industrial purpose. Unlike the two sectors aforementioned, water consumption for domestic purpose is considerably low, making up 13% only. Agriculture becomes another sector which spends a lot of water. The percentage is three times higher than the percentage of domestic purpose. Europe’s percentage of water used for industrial sector is just above 50%, a little bit higher than North America’s. However, Europe’s water use in agricultural sector only makes up a third of the whole consumption. Europe only consumes 15% of its water supply for domestic sector.
Unlike the western counterpart, Asian, South American and African countries allocate their water for agricultural sector. In South East Asia, Central Asia and Africa, the percentage of water used in agriculture is higher than 80%. South America spends 71% of its water provision for agriculture. Among these four regions, only South East Asia spends more than 10% of its water for industry. Although South America has lower percentage of water allocated for industry and agriculture, its percentage of domestic water consumption is the highest among the four regions. It makes up almost one fifth of its overall water consumption. Both Central Asia and South Asia spend 7% of its water for domestic purpose.
Pie Chart (alternative version)
The pie charts outlines the proportion of water consumption in six different regions around the wo
rld, namely North America, South America, Europe, South East Asia, Central Asia and Africa. Units are measured in percentage.
It can be seen that North America and Europe allocates roughly 50% of their water for industrial purpose. North America’s water consumption on agricultural sector is a little below 40%, while Europe spends nearly one third of its water supply for agriculture. For domestic purpose, North America and Europe use 13% and 15% water respectively.
The graph also indicates that Africa, South East Asia and Central Asia spends more than 80% of their water for agricultural purpose. South East Asia allocates 12% of its water for industry, the highest percentage among these three regions. It is also interesting to note that both South East Asia and Central Asia uses 7% of their water for domestic use. Similarly, South America spends most of their water for agriculture, just a little above 70%. South America is the region with the highest percentage of water consumed for domestic purpose, making up almost one fifth of the their total water consumption.
The diagram illustrates the process of generating electrical energy using hydroelectric power plant. The hydroelectric power plant produces electricity by transforming the kinetic energy of flowing water into electricity. There are eight stages in the process, each involves the use of various components.
To begin, a reservoir is used to increase the potential energy of the water by increasing its elevation. The water then flows through an intake that is used to regulate the amount of water going to the next stage. After that, the pressure of the water is increased by using a narrow path called penstock, which also functions to direct the water stream to the turbine shaft.
The kinetic energy of the water is turned into mechanical power by the turbine, which in turns, is transformed into electricity by a generator inside the power house. The electricity, is then distributed through long distance power lines. Finally, the water that has gone through all the stages will go back to the river.