Affirmative, Negative & Interrogative Sentence

Pada post kali ini kita akan membahas tentang bagaimana membentuk kalimat affirmative, negative dan interrogative dalam Bahasa Inggris. Namun, sebaiknya sebelum mempelajari materi ini, kamu terlebih dahulu harus mempelajari tentang pembagian Verbs pada post sebelumnya ya (Part of Speech). Hal ini sangat mendasar dalam mempelajari cara penbentukan kalimat afirmatif, negatif maupun interrogatif. Well, mari kita bahas materi kali ini satu-persatu.
1. Affirmative sentence
Affirmative sentence sering disebut juga kalimat positif. Kalimat ini biasanya berupa pernyataan yang bersifat affirmatif. Well, I don’t think you will have difficulties in learning this part because it is very common. So, we are not going to explain about this in details. Berikut contoh-contoh kalimat affirmative:
a. Affirmative sentence with ordinary verb
  • The policemen arrest the criminal.
  • The cat chases the mouse.
  • I miss you so much.

b. Affirmative sentence with To Be
  • She is very beautiful.
  • They are working right now.
  • It is impossible.

c. Affirmative sentence with To Do
  • You did do a great job.
  • She does love her hair.
  • I do miss you.

d. Affirmative sentence with To Have
  • The teacher has given us a lot of homework.
  • The book has been taken by someone.
  • They have been to Jakarta many times.

e. Affirmative sentence with Modal
  • We will attend the party.
  • You should go with us.
  • He can do that.

2. Negative sentence
Negative sentence adalah kalimat yang mengandung makna negatif. Kalimat ini ditandai dengan penambahan kata ‘NOT’ pada kata kerjanya. Berikut ini contoh-contoh kalimat negatif:
a. Negative sentence with ordinary verb
Membentuk kalimat negatif pada kalimat yang memiliki ordinary verb sebagai verbnya harus dibantu menggunakan To Do. Ordinary verb yang sudah dibantu dengan To Do akan kembali ke dalam bentuk dasar (V1).
  • The policemen do not arrest the criminal.
  • The cat does not chase the mouse.
  • I do not miss you so much.

b. Negative sentence with To Be
  • She is not very beautiful.
  • They are not working right now.
  • It is not impossible.

c. Negative sentence with To Have
  • The teacher has not given us a lot of homework.
  • The book has not been taken by someone.
  • They have not been to Jakarta many times.

d. Negative sentence with Modal
  • We will not attend the party.
  • You should not go with us.
  • He cannot do that.

3. Interrogative sentence
Interrogative sentence dikenal juga dengan kalimat pertanyaan. Kalimat pertanyaan umumnya dibagi menjadi 2, yaitu Yes/No Question dan Informative Question. Yes/No question merupakan kalimat yang harus dijawab dengan Yes atau No, sedangkan Informative question adalah jenis pertanyaan yang membutuhkan jawaban yang lebih detail (bukan Yes atau No). Kita membutuhkan kata tanya untuk membuat pertanyaan jenis ini. Berikut masing-masing contoh kalimatnya;
I. Yes/No question
a. With ordinary verb
  • Do the policemen arrest the criminal?
  • Does the cat chase the mouse?
  • Do you miss me so much?

b. With To Be
  • Is she very beautiful?
  • Are they working right now?
  • Is it impossible?

c. With To Have
  • Has the teacher given us a lot of homework?
  • Has the book been taken by someone?
  • Have they been to Jakarta many times?

d. With Modal
  • Will we attend the party?
  • Should you go with us?
  • Can he do that?

II. Informative question
Membentuk informative question tidaklah sulit jika kamu sudah memahami cara membuat Yes/No question. Untuk membuat informative question cukup dengan menambahkan kata tanya di awal Yes/No question. Berikut contohnya:
a. With ordinary verb
  • Where do the policemen arrest the criminal?
  • When does the cat chase the mouse?
  • Why do you miss me so much?

b. With To Be
  • Why is she very beautiful?
  • How are they working right now?
  • Why is it impossible?

c. With To Have
  • Why has the teacher given us a lot of homework?
  • When has the book been taken by someone?
  • When have they been to Jakarta many times?

d. With Modal
  • When will we attend the party?
  • Why should you go with us?
  • How can he do that?

Gimana guys? Udah bisa kan? Kalau belum silahkan belajar dan berlatih lebih giat lagi ya. Kalau ada pertanyaan jangan sungkan hubungi kami ya atau silahkan komen di bawah ini.

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